While mothers in the Czech Republic enjoy one of the longest parental leaves in the world, they also experience serious setbacks when returning to work. Studies have shown they often see a drop in salary post maternity leave, they frequently find themselves in less skilled roles and are less likely to be promoted.
What is the position of Czech women on the labour market? How big a slice of the female population is employed and what is their share in the technology industry? Those are some of the factors taken into account in compiling the Women in Work Index which compares conditions for women on the labour market across the OECD. The Czech Republic has done well in the latest report, jumping from 23 to 19th place on the ladder, largely due to the country’s record low unemployment. However one indicator is keeping the country back – the gender pay gap, which
When it comes to gender equality, Brussels is getting better, but not fast enough, Politico says in reference to its annual list of most influential women in the EU. A record number of women were elected to the European Parliament in 2019, bringing their representation closer to the 40 percent mark. Certainly not equal, but an improvement, the news site notes, hailing the fact that the European Commission is now led by a woman, Ursula von der Leyen, who, it says has almost managed to achieve a gender-balanced College of Commissioners.
The Czech Republic is one of the countries with the largest gender pay gap in the EU. On average, women earn a fifth less than men, and the annual difference exceeds one month's earnings. In an effort to combat this discrimination, the Ministry of Labour has launched a project called “22% to equality”, in reference to the difference in female and male incomes. The project involves comprehensive research, but also a web payroll calculator or an “equal pay program” for employers.
Should Czech women be able to choose whether or not to use the ending -ová in their surname? A debate over the question has flared up again after the cabinet approved a draft law on birth registers, which denies women the possibility to do so. The Pirate Party calls it discriminatory and wants to reverse the decision in the Lower House.
Unemployment rates in the Czech Republic have been the lowest Europe-wide for some time now. The latest data on employment levels is set to be released by the Labour Office on Friday, but already now analysts have told the Czech News Agency that they expect unemployment to have sunk in April to 2.8 percent compared to 3 percent in March. The need for workers is also leading to women taking on more “unusual” jobs, Czech Television reports.
On average Czech women only reached the same amount of pay as Czech men
earned in 2018 on March 17, making Sunday Equal Pay Day, according to the
group Business & Professional Women ČR. Female employees in the Czech
Republic earn one-fifth less than male ones and would have to work for over
14 months to make the same amount that men do in 12.
The Czech Republic ranks among the EU states with the widest pay gap between the genders. The difference is greatest among university graduates, Business & Professional Women ČR said, citing official government data.
Women in the Czech Republic earn on average 80,000 crowns less per year
than men do, Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Jana Maláčová told a
news conference convened ahead of European Equal Pay Day.
"The difference in pay for women and men is 22 percent and the second highest in the entire European Union,” she said, calling fair remuneration for women and men "a crucial economic issue".
The gap is wider in the Czech private sector than in the public sector, she said. In the EU, on average women are paid 16 percent less than men, according to Eurostat.