A team of Czech archaeologists have made a remarkable discovery at Abusir, near Cairo, unearthing a unique burial complex of an Egyptian dignitary dating back to the fifth Dynasty of the Egyptian Old Kingdom. The limestone tomb is located in the centre of a pyramid field where only members of the royal family and the highest state dignitaries of the time were buried.
Czech Egyptologists have discovered the limestone grave of a high-ranking
official from the middle of the fifth dynasty, “a custodian of royal
affairs” identified as Kaire, whose name had been carved into the wall at
the Abusir necropolis.
The Czech research team under the direction of archaeologist Miroslav Bárta has also discovered a halved granite sculpture. In Egypt, it is hoped that the new finds will help boost tourism, which has slumped since the so-called Arab Spring.
On Monday, officials announced that Czech archaeologists had made a remarkable discovery at Abusir, near Cairo, unearthing parts of a wooden boat more than 4,000 years old. Its location near the tomb of a prominent noble is a unique find. Such vessels, used by the spirit of the deceased to navigate the underworld, were usually reserved for members of the royal family.
Czech Foreign Minister Lubomir Zaorálek, who is on a three day visit to Egypt, is due to meet with President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi later today. The talks are expected to focus on security issues and the fight against ISIL, the migrant crisis, bilateral cooperation and the possibility for Prague to host a large archeological exhibition highlighting the era of pyramid builders in Abusir, where Czech archeologists have been active for over half a century. On Sunday the head of the Czech archeological team announced their latest find – an 18-metre long wooden barge that is over 4,500 years old.
Czech archaeologists in Egypt have discovered the tomb of a previously unknown queen, Chentkaus III. She is believed to have been the wife of the pharaoh Neferefre, who ruled in the fifth dynasty around 4,500 years ago. The discovery was made at Abusir, southwest of Cairo. The head of the Czech group of Egyptologists, Miroslav Bárta, said the fact the tomb had been found in the necropolis of Neferefre made it likely that the woman had been his spouse.
Curators at the Regional Museum in Olomouc have discovered a rare piece of textile proceeding from the mummy of the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II, the museum’s director told reporters on Friday. The fragment was discovered by chance while going through a collection that was curated by a former employee. The cloth, which was separated from the mummy in 1886, originally belonged to a Viennese photographer, the director said, adding that curators had had no idea how it ended in the museum’s collection. The rare textile will now be examined by experts before it is displayed to the public in March.
Last December a group of archaeologists from the National Museum returned from an excavation expedition in the Sudanese locality of Wad Ben Naga. They have been working there since 2009 and are helping their Sudanese colleagues fulfil the requirements to enable the whole area to be registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Professor Miroslav Bárta is the head of a Czech team of archaeologists working at a long established site in Egypt. He recently got back from Egypt and is seeking clearance to resume work there again in the face of the uncertainty about the situation in country. In this week’s One on One Professor Bárta describes the new theories about the collapse of the Old Kingdom he has contributed to and his thoughts about the more recent demise of the reign of president Hosni Mubarak. I asked him first of all when he had begun to be interested in