Daughter of the first president of Czechoslovakia, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, and one of the first female university graduates in Bohemia, she pushed for numerous innovations in social policy and health care. In 1919 she founded the Czechoslovak Red Cross and become its first President. After the Communist coup in 1948 she emigrated to the USA, where she remained.
The illustrated project Czech Heroines was inspired by the centenary of voting rights for Czech women and the 200th anniversary of the birth of the prominent Czech writer Božena Němcová. It is a joint project by the Czech Centres, the Faculty of Design and Art at the University of West Bohemia and Radio Prague International.