For the second time since their introduction last year, the new state school-leaving exams began on Wednesday at Czech secondary schools with tests in the Czech language. Some 103,000 students are taking the exams this year. They are available in two versions; however only 4 percent of students chose the more difficult alternative. Besides Czech, the exams are held in either mathematics or a foreign language, with around 44 percent of students choosing maths. The oral part of the exams will be held later in May. The project of standardized school-leaving exams was criticized for excessive bureaucracy and high costs.