The Czech Republic has one of the lowest shares of female IT students within Europe. What’s even more alarming, the country comes last when it comes to the number of women working in the field, which is less than 10 percent. I spoke to Barbora Bühnová from Czechitas, an organisation trying to involve more women in IT, and I first asked her about the reasons behind this trend:
The average Czech monthly wage in the first quarter of the year rose by 5.3 percent compared with a year earlier to 27,889 crowns. Subtracting the effects of inflation, the real rise comes to 2.8 percent. The rise was slightly higher than the expectations of most analysts with the pace faster than the 4.2 percent recorded for the last quarter of 2016. The median wage (where half of the earnings are higher and half lower) in the first quarter was 23,704 crowns.
Czechs spent a total of more than 70 million days on sick leave last year, which is an increase of five percent on the previous year, according to the newly released data by the Czech Statistical Office. In other words, some 160 thousand people missed work on any given day due to illness or injury. The highest number of sick days was taken by people working in the processing industry.
Representatives of government, the unions, and business failed to agree at a meeting Monday on how much minimum wages should increase this year. They agreed however that a new framework for working out the regular increases should be established. Unions have suggested that the increase should be 1500 crowns with the bosses favouring 800 crowns. The Ministry of Labour has suggested a 1200 crown increase. The rise should be finalised this year before lower house elections scheduled for October. The basic guideline is that the minimum wage should be at least two-fifths of the average wage.
Meeting supply and demand on the job market is not always easy and something that the Education Ministry has struggled to address in recent years. While there is a lack of skilled workers in certain spheres, roughly a third of Czechs between the age of 20 and 34 are not able to apply their skills in their work, according to a survey conducted by the Czech Statistics Office.
Unemployment in April fell to 4.4 percent from March’s 4.8 percent, the third monthly drop in a row, according to the national labour office. The total numbered of those declared seeking and available for work was just under 327,200, the lowest April figure since 2008. The number of job vacancies stood at just over 159,000.
Czech agriculture is facing the worst shortage of labour in its history. The number of agricultural workers and students of secondary schools focused on agriculture agricultural has fallen to a record low, the daily Hospodářské noviny reported on Wednesday. Over the past 10 years, the number students in these secondary school dropped from 175,000 to 96, 000.
So-called tax freedom day will come in the Czech Republic on May 29 this year, according to the calculations of the Liberal Institute think tank. It will be the earliest instance of the day of the year on which Czechs have theoretically earned enough income to pay their taxes since the year 2000. The Liberal Institute attributed this to the growth of the Czech economy. Its director, Dominik Stroukal, said that more tax will be collected this year than in 2016 but said fortunately production had been faster.
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